Presently, increasing popularity of drug and alcohol tests has been witnessed by various sources. Though the topic has been controversial when it comes to workplace drug testing; it is extremely helpful for medical purposes. The article would offer you an overview of why these tests are conducted and how effective they are.
Drug and Alcohol Test
Drugs and alcohol tests are conducted for various reasons. The main reason for their execution is that test administrators want to confirm and screen for the alcohol or drug presence in the sample of a person’s blood, saliva, hair or urine. Such tests are conducted to ensure the proper medical treatment. Other reasons could be to screen out the candidates or monitor the alcohol or drug abuse.
Drugs that are tested commonly
The most common drugs that are tested for various reasons include:
Reasons for conducting a drug or alcohol test
Drug and alcohol test are conducted for various reasons including:
- Athletics or sports testing
- Forensic or legal information
- Observing pain from use of medication
- Medical screening
- Pre-employment testing
Drug and Alcohol Test for employment
Drug and alcohol test at the workplace is an emerging phenomenon that has been migrating from MNCs to the developing states. Controversy surrounds the workplace drug testing as there are some people that regard such tests as a violation of privacy. On the other hand, some regard these tests as an effective tool to prevent the drug abuse at the workplace. Although there is a need to draw a line between professionalism and privacy, still these tests are proven to be really effective in some situations.Drug and Alcohol Test
When are tests conducted at the workplace?
- During the recruitment and selection to screen out the drug addicts
- To monitor the current employees to prevent substance and drug abuse
Passing the drug or alcohol test
You can pass the drug or alcohol test by avoiding the use of substance prior to the test.
Here is the list mentioning minimum avoidance time for each type of drug
- Alcohol- at least 6 hours
- Phencyclidine- seven days
- Methadone, Morphine, Methamphetamine and marijuana – three days
- Barbiturates and cocaine- up to ten days
- LSD and Heroin Metabolite- maximum 24 hours
- Amphetamines – two days
- Benzodiazepines – two to three weeks
Different types of Drug and alcohol tests
There are a wide variety of tests available in the medical science. However, each test varies according to the way of administration, length of time, sensitivity and reliability.
- Breath alcohol test
A breathalyzer is a tool that measures the level of alcohol in the blood. The test result predicts to what extent alcohol consumption has impaired or intoxicated the body.
- Blood alcohol and drug test
This test is commonly used by employers to test the drugs including opiates, cocaine, marijuana, etc.
- Mouth swab alcohol and drug test
It is the latest technique that is easy to administer but lacks reliability due to low sensitivity.
- Hair drug test
This test can go through past three months; however, one limitation is that it can’t test the alcohol consumption.
- Urine alcohol and drug test
It is considered as the most common and reliable way that successfully detects the alcohol as well as drug consumption accurately. However, it is a little difficult to administer.
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